This study compares the classroom behavior of children 8 to 9 years of age receiving daily recess with that of children not receiving daily recess.
- Results report that children exposed to non/minimal break (30%) were much more likely to be black, from families with lower incomes and lower levels of education, live in large cities, and attend public school, compared with children with recess.
- Having one or more daily recess period of greater then15 minutes is associated with better teacher reported classroom behavior.
Barros, Romina M., Silver, Ellen J. and Stein, Ruth E. K. “School Recess and Group Classroom Behavior.” Pediatrics. 123.2 (2009): 431-436.